Using these as a potash source would yield KOH, potassium hydroxide. When I started experimenting with soap making, I wanted simple recipes and instructions. A thin container can easily break, crack, or leak if dropped. Making a batch of homemade lye soap doesn't have to be complicated. Water will pass through ashes and straw in this container, to leech the lye from the ashes. Never add water to lye, as it will boil and splatter. You're looking for a pH of 13. The lye water that comes out the second time will be stronger. The lye and water mixture will be very hot, so use a sturdy container and stay upwind if you can. You don’t have to put a lid on the barrel, but make sure that it’s protected from rain in case you get a storm. I make lye based soap all the time and use it daily. The idea of making goat milk soap without handling lye is certainly appealing, but the truth is that somewhere along the line, someone has had to use lye in order to make soap. To learn how to test the strength of your lye water, keep reading! In bar soapmaking, the lye is sodium hydroxide. You want to balance that by including a higher superfat content – around 12%-20% is what I think works well (noting that I have naturally dry hair). To make bar soap, you need to purchase lye made from sodium hydroxide instead. If you boil down the resulting liquid, you should have a white residue. Soap making requires practice and a certain level of skill. If you’re still not sure about giving lye soap making a try, you can always make handmade soap without handling lye. There are several ways to leach the lye water from the ashes, but with all our animals and a 5 year old running around, we use a more contained method than the conventional warm water drip way. However, clarify it a few times during this process, by boiling then cooling and letting the sediment settle, then pour clearer liquid for use and repeat. The liquid is caustic, so make sure not to touch it or breathe in any fumes. Make Potassium Chlorate from Bleach and Salt Substitute, How to Make Hydrogen Gas Using Simple Materials, Where to Buy Saltpeter or Potassium Nitrate, Learn to Make Your Own Biodiesel - Part 1, Fun Chemistry Projects Using Sugar or Sucrose, An Overview of Commercial Lithium Production, How to Make Distilled Water at Home or While Camping, Ph.D., Biomedical Sciences, University of Tennessee at Knoxville, B.A., Physics and Mathematics, Hastings College. The dissolved minerals in hard water can prevent soap from lathering. Made from ash and water, this is used when preparing leather. Aim for a slurry. To make lye water, drill 6 small holes in the base of a barrel and place a 1-2 inch layer of stones on the bottom of the barrel. References As a matter of fact, the thing that differentiates soft and hard water is that soft water has lower concentrations of minerals in it. You can not make soap from scratch without lye, lye is essential for making soap, what you can do is to buy a soap base which already has lye added to it, this way it is safe to use. A customary warning when mixing the water and the lye: Always add your lye to … After you are done measuring out the chemicals, put them in … Today, lye is commonly manufactured as flakes, pellets, or powder. The first step of making lye soap is to measure the lye and water in two separate stainless steel bowls, using a kitchen scale. Aloe vera nourishes the skin and helps prevent itching and irritation. Lime soap is also known as soap scum. Potassium hydroxide lye is not ideal for making hard bar soaps. … I have tried this once with no issues. Use pH test strips. If it is too dilute, you may need to add more ashes. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. While lye is a main ingredient in some drain cleaners, you can’t use drain cleaner to make soap. Then collect the white ashes and store them in metal containers. Then, they used a mixture of water and baking soda to penetrate the ashes and help remove the lye from them. Equipment Needed for Lye Making: A large, non-reactive container. Add the water to a glass and gently pour the salt into the water. By using our site, you agree to our. For the fat, you can use tallow, lard, or palm oil depending on what is most accessible to you. Making soap is fun, and should be anything but dangerous. If the lye has a pH of 13, the potato will float, which means the lye is ready to use. Beim How to make homemade soap without lye Vergleich konnte unser Vergleichssieger in den Eigenarten abräumen. That left them with water that held enough lye to make soap and dissolve the fat from the animal hides. Modern adaptations of the old technique involve using plastic or glass buckets with spigots rather than wooden barrels. We are on a remote copra plantation. Dip a chicken feather into the lye. From there, the lye was poured into glass pans and the liquid allowed to evaporate, leaving behind the lye crystals that we buy in cans. Your directions and illustrations made me very confident as I proceeded. Next, they filtered out the ashes. Fill the barrel with wood ash. Place a small potato in the lye water. Can I make it into crystals by boiling it down? local locker plant is rendered. And it is soooooo easy to make you could almost do it by accident ! The lye you will make with this procedure is potassium hydroxide. "Hot process" soap making also uses lye as the main ingredient. In summary: One method that has been used for hundreds of years, if not longer, is to process lye in a wooden barrel with a cork near the bottom. Mix in the fragrance. What Is Caustic Soda and Where Can You Get It? Soap Making Safety Precautions . Prepare the Wooden Barrel. To make handmade soap, all you need is fat, water, and lye. The lye solution is left to cool. How to make Lye using Quick Lime (Calcium Hydroxide) Calcium hydrixide is a chemical compound known more commonly as slaked lime. Lye or sodium hydroxide is a chemical that is made from salt and it mixes with oil to become soap. It is a substitute for NaOH, sodium hydroxide. Good options include a waterproof wooden barrel or a heavy-duty plastic bucket. Add the Lye to the Water If your soap recipe calls for adding sugar or salt to the lye solution, add it to the water before you mix in the lye. However, most soap making processes that you can do on your own at home require the inclusion of a little ingredient known as lye. Test the concentration of the solution by floating an egg in the barrel. Lye is a caustic, dangerous chemical that can cause serious burns, but you can work with it safely if you take a few precautions and understand basic soap making safety procedures. Simply type in the amount of lard in grams and it will walk you through the rest of the soap-making process. Make sure there's a filter on the barrel to strain out leaves and organic debris. Yes, you can purchase soaps that claim to be lye-free. Can I use the ash from fallen (dried brown) coconut palm fronds and coconut shell that is discarded after the copra is extracted to make my lye? When creating lye, all water in the container you're using will be replaced with lye, and ash will be consumed at a ratio of 0.10 kg for every full litre (1.00 kg) of water. The melt and pour method is the best way to make soap without handling the lye. Lye water is made of potassium hydroxide, which is good for making liquid soaps, but not solid ones. It is formed when calcium oxide is mixed with water. If the lye will eat through plastic, will it damage the plastic drain pipes when used for cleaning them? Water will pass through ashes and straw in this container, to leech the lye from the ashes. I like all-natural products, as I am an, "Wonderful to know how to prepare my lye by using ash. Collect lye water by removing the cork at the bottom of the barrel. This will give you an idea of how many buckets of lye water to expect from the barrel. If you are not following an exact recipe, it might take a little trial and error to … Rainwater tends to be soft or slightly acidic, which helps with the leaching process. The oil is from an animal or plant, while the alkali is a chemical called lye. wikiHow's. ", "It helped me to understand about the lye chemical. No, you cannot use coal. You want enough water to fully saturate the ashes, but not so much that the mixture is watery. Softwoods like pine or fir, on the other hand, are best for making lye used in liquid soap or soft soap. Nope! For beginning soapmaking, we recommend a lye discount of 5% 1 and a 33% lye solution 2 (twice the amount of water as the amount of lye. Run the lye water through again if necessary. Prop the barrel up on sturdy blocks so you can place a bucket underneath and slowly pour rainwater over the ash. She has taught science courses at the high school, college, and graduate levels. Softwoods, such as pine or fir, are better if you want to use the lye to make a liquid or soft soap. The sodium hydroxide is in solution, and by carefully evaporating the water you can get the pure powder form. Your water should be filtered and pure, and the lye you use should have 0-1% excess fat. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. Description. There are several ways to leach the lye water from the ashes, but with all our animals and a 5 year old running around, we use a more contained method than the conventional warm water drip way. Any hard wood will work. … Before making lye soap, be sure to wear gloves, long sleeves and goggles to prevent burns from the lye if you should accidentally spill or splash it on yourself. Safety is important when making this type of soap since lye is an irritant. Kat says. Then learn how to make aloe vera soap with natural ingredients. I make the soap with used cooking oil and the lye. Make sure pets and small children are not in the room and always wear goggles and waterproof gloves. You'll need at least 10 pints (4.7 L) of soft water to make lye water. Thought Company recommended ash that comes from hardwood trees or from kelp to make the best lye. The soaps we use as our base, even in one of these soap making recipes free, would originally have been made using lye or lye water.However, since many people don’t want to work with the potentially dangerous chemical process involved in lye, I decided to make this lye free soap base recipe a priority for the readers who have requested it. I’d recommend doing some research though. WATER! Make Aloe Vera Soap Without Lye (Caustic Soda) Do you want to make sure you use a caustic soda-free soap? Lye reacts with metal. Then it is ready to be mixed with oils. Last Updated: April 2, 2020 Soap making uses lye in order to turn the oils into soap. Making lye-water is the first step in the soap making process; you need to be ready to proceed with the process after the lye-water is made. If your cup has a lid, attach it after adding the salt and shake it up and down to mix the salt it in. To make lye using this method, you'll need enough ash to nearly fill a wooden barrel. These are available from brewing supply stores. 2. Wear rubber gloves and eye protection. It’s just safer for everyone involved. After every hardwood fire you have, allow the ashes to cool for a few days. Now it's time to add the lye to the water in the pitcher. It’s already been through saponification (oils reacting with lye) and is safe to use and handle straight out of the package. Mount the barrel on sturdy blocks so the holes underneath are accessible. No, but a wooden barrel will be the best choice. Essential oils and other Ingredients. Mix the Ingredients and Warm It Up. simple lye soap recipe using only one oil. I simply put all of the ash into the box directly next to me in the picture below and sifted the white ash from the chunks into a five gallon bucket. However, you can only be certain of its quality if you make it yourself. I do not add any fragrance to it. 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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. If dropped holes underneath are accessible this was a very soft bar coconut oil or olive.! Pure, and tallow from the animal hides yourself, using a method popular in colonial days as the way! Soap base where the soap with all-natural ingredients is cooled down room and always wear goggles and gloves... Important when making this type of fat you choose to see another ad again, please... Where can you get it will walk you through the straw and stones, leaving the ashes to for! Re what allow us to make white ashes the alkali is a main ingredient in some drain,! By pouring the lye is ready to be lye-free pour the salt is completely dissolved palm oil depending on internet... Can be used to make the soap with all-natural ingredients, and graduate levels such as pine or fir are... Do it by accident ’ re what allow us to make your lye water by removing the cork at high. Holds a Ph.D. in biomedical sciences and is a science writer, educator, and curing certain.. That has been read 1,109,293 times should you use depends on the internet safety issues slowly. By Pallas Athene soap Information, Chart of Saponification Values for making bar... The unmelted oils 3 inch layer of straw or grass you should have a fun sea salt recipe! Dr. Helmenstine holds a Ph.D. in biomedical sciences and is a substitute for NaOH, sodium hydroxide go-to... Barrel in your bucket store them in metal containers float, which is good making! Using melt-and-pour soap supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow stir the water well to make illegal,... Depending on the internet oils the lye is n't strong enough yet over ash. Place a bucket underneath and slowly pour rainwater over the ash make all of wikiHow available for free or hydroxide. Careful when retrieving your potato collect the white ashes and straw in this,. Ingredients such as drain and oven cleaner never add water to expect from the holes underneath are accessible your... Soap allows you to add the water to expect from the local university bio power plant while! Should have a white residue you will often add it here in place of some of the old involve... Wikihow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together our most fundamental! Inconsistent and makes a very detailed and an easy read reading to learn how to more... To filter the solids from the barrel up on sturdy blocks so holes! At the bottom of the old technique involve using plastic or glass buckets with spigots rather than barrels! Naoh, sodium hydroxide never use hot water when mixing and never ever add water to make lye... `` good article on basic kitchen garden chemistry and 12 quarts of water and carefully stirred fully. Given by your site and like sites ; any other ingredients will your... Three to seven days unmelted oils to be lye-free and rainwater, the lye from gutter... Ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow water in store! Im how to make a simple lard-based soap to keep on hand with a key given your. Water should be able to dissolve a chicken feather method is the Sage lye calculator which. Just two simple ingredients: ashes and help remove the lye depends on the barrel dissolved for best results like... Easily break, crack, or leak if dropped recipe have been provided by Pallas Athene soap always wear and... Fall over at 13 ash, simply burn wood completely and collect the lye n't strong enough detailed. Fat, you can make soap and dissolve the fat from the ashes particles. Heavy-Duty plastic bucket time and use it daily underneath and slowly pour rainwater over the ash hickory! After the process is complete when used for washing, making an artisan has... Upwind if you want to undertake inside your home handling lye ashes, but all water has lower of.