What does that mean? The Comanches broke off their normal lifestyle and alliances and became the "lords of the plains" after they got horses. That in fact it was always the brilliant cohort of the Native American as described in oral history. There is evidence in both North and South America that horses were hunted by early peoples, but they did not seem to be their favored prey. 786-699-8733 Miami's most trusted fence installation company. Plus 6 Fun Facts and Pictures. It also had high-crowned cheek teeth for grazing, allowing it to be the first grazing horse. As early as 130,000 years ago is an enormous cop out. ‘Donald Trump has made it clear that he is unfit to serve as president of the United States’, A five-day celebration leading to the Jan. 20 inauguration began with Indigenous recognition, Opposition grows to the $2.6B Enbridge pipeline from tribes, Indigenous rights organizations and environmental groups, What you, our Indian Country Today readers, read most. Horses were back and stronger than ever. 50 phone calls would have made this a story. Horses have played a significant role in the history of North America and throughout the world. The characteristics of the ancient animal suggest it was likely a timid forest dweller. The PhD dissertation does not provide scientific evidence that the cultures directly prior to Columbus colonization had access to horses. However, Sir Francis Drake, visiting the west coast of North America, saw “large bands of wild horses,” as quoted from The flooding of the Bering Strait land bridge resulted in the extinction of many large mammals in North America. The original theory accepted by the Western World was that there were no horses in the Americas prior to Columbus’ arrival in 1492. Merychippus was smarter, more agile, and taller than its predecessors. Further expeditions brought more horses, and large, wild herds existed in America by the 17th century. There is a significant error in this article. Miles Henry, Top 5 Dangers of Dressage: A Guide for Maximum Safety. At this point, the narrative shifted to say that horses originated in the Americas, but were later completely extinguished due to the last Ice Age period (roughly 13,000 to 11,000 years ago). Whatever the reason, horses were all but extinct in North America until they were reintroduced by the early Spanish and English colonists. And testing of pottery remanents found traces of horse milk. There WERE horses in the Americas BEFORE Columbus.....BUT they went extinct. Carbon dating, DNA mutation extrapolations and now sonar imaging in the jungles of Central America keep blowing our minds. Keep telling a lie long enough ........eventually everyone will believe it! I had always thought they were brought by the Spaniards as well. This theory was forced to change, however, after paleontology pioneer Joseph Leidy discovered horse skeletons embedded in American soil in the 1830s. Well, how do they get there if they’re in North America? In a recent interview, Collin gave greater insight into the political and cultural nature of science. It is no wonder there are so many colonizers who refuse to even consider the fact that there is a precolonial history. The help would abscond a horse and bring it to their tribe. They take their land now they want to re-write history. One may say the horse was native to North America, since horses had evolved there some 55 million years ago, but they became extinct about 10,000 years ago. It was a small animal, standing only 13 inches and had an arched back similar to some deer. It sure seems as if I have heard tribal accounts of first encounters with horses and the sudden changes they wrought in some tribes. However, at some point, the animals were extinct and later made a huge comeback, so who do we thank for their return? This mechanism enables horses to sleep while standing. Even though most of the wild horse herds were no longer all pure Spanish horses, even the mixed breed animals were called mustangs. Yet, their oral histories were all completely aligned. 1-4 million years ago, Equus, the modern horse, debuted in North America. In a similar vein, the general weaknesses of oral tradition from very few and specific people being used to accurately describe the biodiversity of an area that existed hundreds of years ago is not discussed. We’re they domesticated? The mastodon carving is real and authenticated and worth millions so do not just poo poo this amazing lady...please, Also consider that even at 130,000 years, that is just a few seconds in Earth's timeline. There are many issues with the successful PhD candidate prefacing the actual science with claims of it being biased and weak, without ever providing concrete examples of where the current scientific literature has explicitly been manipulated. Spanish horses were established in Florida and were very successful on the ranches and farms being settled throughout the rich grasslands of central Florida. This helps them grow more quickly and heathily. Thus, the Spanish were still believed at that time to have “reintroduced” the horse to the Americas in the late 1400s. Based on fossil records, the genus appears to have originated in North America about 4 million years ago and spread to Eurasia (presumably by crossing the Bering land bridge) 2 to 3 million years ago. As far back as 130,000 years. So who is to say that some of the American horses never left? It retained its three toes, but otherwise, it looked like a horse. So, the most compelling data to support the Native narrative is actually from a lot of the western scientific measurements that are coming out.”. It stood ten hands tall with a long face and long legs. However, this alone by itself is no better than other evidence (i.e. To read more about the native horses of North America, click. Indigenous horses were here, just as Indigenous peoples were here, along with indigenous dogs. Nobody can be healthy when you run them that hard and make no place for them. There needs to be sound scientific evidence, such as sequencing the DNA of these horses, which should be routine and, archaeological evidence of some sort to confirm the presence of horses post ice age and pre-European. This is not ground breaking it’s embarrassing.. "What they are trying to do is shorten the length of time that we were here to make us not as critical to this place. Spotted Appaloosa Curly-line foal and her Mother at Sacred Way Sanctuary. And then along came Yvette Running Horse Collin with her science based facts that are indisputable; bravo. I have raised some winning horses and had some that didn't make it as racehorses, so we trained them in other disciplines. The Bering Strait land bridge allowed horses and other mammals to travel from Alaska’s northern slope when food supplies dwindled and return during times of abundance. It stood ten hands tall with a long face and long legs. Their teeth indicate the Eohippus was a roaming animal that sustained itself on foliage, like leaves and other plant foods. If horses had been at least as intelligent as Donkeys or Mules, then perhaps, but they aren't. I love the horses that you have. https://ahotcupofjoe.net/.../pseudoarchaeological-claims.../ . C) If there were domesticable horses in the Americas, why was the Lama even domesticated as a pack animal ??? Horse Racing Sense is your resource for learning about horses. Cavallo, Hoof Boots: Review of The Sport Slim Sole Model, Justin Boots Men’s Ropers Equestrian Boot Review, Ariat Terrain H20 Boots: An Updated and In-Depth Review. “We have calmly known we've always had the horse, way before the settlers came. Their horses were derived mostly from Welsh and Iberian mounts brought by immigrants between 500 and 1300 AD. She made up the nonsense about "designs carved by humans". For years it has been believed that horses and humans did not cohabitate the continent. Modern horses, zebras, and asses belong to the genus Equus, the only surviving genus in a once diverse family, the Equidae. I am glad to hear they were here all along. Our first priority is customer service and honest pricing. Indian of the Americas have always had a rich tradition of culture and civilization. Currently, they are being run down and mass slaughtered if they are in the way of certain commercial projects. The first force to emerge came with the War of 1812. I am not surprised that western historians are still giving credit to a Spaniard that committed genocide on indigenous peoples of the carribean and Americas. In April 2017, mastodon bones with designs carved by human hands were dated in San Diego showing human presence in the area as long as 130,000 years ago. This article said nothing. European settlers brought horses of varying breeds to North America. which also should be pretty straight forward. Paint Horse Colors. Yvette Running Horse Collin’s recent dissertation may have rewritten every natural history book on the shelf. Some were large for farming, and others as stock to mate with smaller horses. Never fails to amaze me that the Caucasian narrative always corrupts the facts to suit its own agenda. He had examined the collection of ancient fossils gathered from the Great Plains and the Rocky Mountains. They say, ‘Native people came over the land bridge.’ Why? Critics of the book of Mormon point to this (along with numerous other issues) as evidence that the book is not a true history of native Americans. It also had high-crowned cheek teeth for grazing, allowing it to be the first grazing horse. Collin points to the first recorded sighting of horses with Native Peoples in the Carolinas: “Columbus brought the first Spanish horse to the Caribbean in 1493,” remarks Collin. The earliest bridles for horses were found in Eastern Europe dating back to 4000 BC, showing that the Europeans started to domesticate the wild horses around this time, using them for hunting, carrying packs and working the fields. 1492: Columbus’s first voyage carried no horse, however, after his first voyage Columbus and all others who traveled to this region flying a Spanish flag must carry horses, so ordered by the King of Spain.4. Some are much smaller than most horses. The Western World concluded that all horses of Native American peoples were, therefore, descendants of horses brought from overseas. She also drew from recorded observations in the diaries and maps created by explorers such as Sir Francis Drake, Sebastian Cabot, and other early Spanish conquistadors. There are plenty of better causes to complain about, regarding what Europeans have done to Native Americans. New York Times: Dinohippus skull, teeth, and foot structure are very similar to modern horses. I am sending this to Las Vegas journalist George Knapp who has worked tirelessly to help save our wild horses and fight the evil, greedy BLM! First about 25,000 years ago and most recently 11,000 years ago, but before they went extinct in North America they migrated to Asia. An Ancient Horse Is Unearthed in a Utah Backyard, “Paleontologists recently determined that a skeleton discovered during a landscaping project belonged to a horse from the Pleistocene Era.”. Spanish farmers established vast fields for the cultivation of wheat, barley, and oats. In the southwestern United States, a wealthy Spaniard established a settlement, which included livestock and horses. American Paints horses are an eye-catching splash of equine colors. In reality there were several powerful movements combined to crush and stifle claims that ancestors of the Plains Indians had horses and “horse culture” for thousands of years. At this point, the narrative shifted to say that horses originated in the Americas, but were later completely extinguished due to the last Ice Age period (roughly 13,000 to 11,000 years ago). Dinohippus fossils have been found in North America and date from 13-5 million years ago. Collin currently takes care of over 100 horses she claims to be descendants of the ancient horse of the Americas. Currently, in North America, there are close to 19.5 million horses, representing almost a third of the world’s horse population. Native Americans learned the skills needed to train their horses and began capturing wild horses and trading with the Spanish for horses. For the buffalo-hunting Plains Indians, the swift, strong animals quickly became prized. —, Collins' work disproves Spanish introduction of the horse to Native people. These however, during the prehistoric age died out from the continent for unknown reasons, probably from some disease. A January 2012 publication describes progress in DNA analyses of horses which promises to I am happy that the ancestors left evidence to refute these lies. Horses and camels originally evolved in North America, but left via the Land Bridge, apparently before our indigenous aboriginies {I was born here, so I'm a Native American] arrived. Horses: Horses are a very loved and popular animals in the United States. Merychippus was smarter, more agile, a… The early horses went extinct in North America but made a come back in the 15th century. Ultimately, they were forced to accept the evidence he provided. Not evidence. Equus originated in North America and spread throughout the world. [ Most Native Men of North America have very Broad Shoulders and a High Endurance, which suggests we were once our own pack animals. ] The rapid spread of infectious diseases is a theory floated as a cause of the extinction of horses native to North America, however, there seems to be little scientific support for this theory. Now this study makes the claim that the American horse did not go extinct. Horses flourished on the new continent, and they were used for transportation, ranch work, hauling freight, and farming. Especially horses, I've been around them most of my life but I am always learning more and enjoy sharing with others. This resulted in cross breeding of these Spanish and English horses. But since we know the Spanish introduced horses to North America, when did Native Americans get horses? They are telling us over and over again that anything that they consider to be of value in our cultures is still ‘derivative’ of theirs.”. And compared to the timeline of the universe and the scope and size of the universe, we are just a flash of a pixel. Paleontologists recently determined that a skeleton discovered during a landscaping project belonged to a horse from the Pleistocene Era. I mean, that’s a long swim to get over there to Europe and to Britain where Hyracotherium was found. Because of the harsh habitat of the wild horse ranges, they developed into strong small horses capable of living on their own. You are probably wondering why this particular story is blowing up with so many references to religion, Joseph Smith, and the Mormons. Did they pull carts? Why couldn’t we have been here?" Thus the name Eohippus, the “dawn horse.” The Eohippus evolved into Orohippus. What should we call those animals that run loose - wild horses or feral horses? WORD to PDF converter with no limits to file size, no watermark and no registration. Collin theorizes that because horses were a symbol of status and civilization in Spain during that time, and because conquerors needed to illustrate the Native people as savage and uncivilized to justify their conquest to the Queen of Spain, the truth about the relationship between Native peoples and the horse was purposefully distorted. 's Central Coast affirms the Heiltsuk Nation’s oral tales. While genus Equus, of which the horse is a member, originally evolved in North America, the horse became extinct on the continent approximately 8,000–12,000 years ago. Ultimately, Collin’s dissertation is a groundbreaking piece of comprehensive research, employing a blend of both Western and Indigenous research methodologies, that will lay a firm foundation for further research. I beileve the Lakota phrase for horse … Their horses were derived mostly from Welsh and Iberian mounts brought by immigrants between 500 and 1300 AD. Appaloosa horse appears to have been in North America before the Spanish brought European horses. And from there they spread to the rest of the world. We are passionate about horses and love sharing everything we have learned. Mitchell argues that extinction was most likely due to significant climate change that started well before the earliest arrival of humans and adversely affected the dry grasses that American horses and other mega-fauna consumed. “The wonderful thing is that we now have Western technology that can provide very accurate dates,” said Collin in a recent interview. The Spanish explorer Cortez is the first person to re-introduce horses to the mainland. So, sadly, this is just one more way the Mormons have made native history all about them. We would love to talk to you about having a member or members of your herd join ours in treating the 2 leggeds in our community! Collin says, according to her ancestor’s ways, she refuses to sell her horses but gifts them to people who are interested in them for ceremonial or healing purposes and are willing to care for them according to her cultural traditions. The mustang is a free-roaming horse of the American west that first descended from horses brought to the Americas by the Spanish. 's Central Coast affirms the Heiltsuk Nation’s oral tales. Thirty-eight million years ago, Epihippus stepped out from the forest and into the meadows. The variety of colors and their locations makes me wonder if the patterns are haphazard or a specific design, and what colors can... We have experience with many different types of horse activities, including trail riding, barrel racing, and both Quarter horse and Thoroughbred racing. I am an equine facilitated therapy practitioner and a licensed therapist in Virgina. https://wizzley.com/the-survival-of-horses-in-pre-columbian-america/, https://ahotcupofjoe.net/.../pseudoarchaeological-claims.../. In the dissertation, Collin compiles a list of fossil and DNA evidence which dates after this supposed “extinction” period. In addition, there are about 33,000 feral horses that roam freely in a wild state in certain parts of the country. Thus the Spanish did not introduce the horse so much as re-introduce it. link to Paint Horse Colors. History hurts sweetie, take one out of the Hindu's book and let the evidence persuade you away from your conflation of spirituality and history. Russell Means once said that the white man is the trickster...He lies and does not honor contracts. Thus, the Spanish were still believed at that time to have “reintroduced” the horse to … Why couldn’t we have been here? Indians used dogs to pull loads before they got horses. The horse’s evolution began 50 million years ago with a small, dog-like creature. Forty-five million-year-old fossils of Eohippus, the modern horse’s ancestor, evolved in North America, survived in Europe and Asia, and returned with the Spanish explorers. Most of the evolutionary development of the horse (54 million years ago to … Horses first appear as indicated there in North America. No Spanish horses were recorded as ‘missing’ during this period. It is unclear precisely what caused the extinction of horses in North America, but there are three viable theories: human overkill, climate change, and infectious disease. I believe there may be hard evidence of horses existing in north America, but it was not put forth here. The horses need their natural environment. Horses were probably first ridden about 5,500 years ago on the plains of northern Kazakhstan, according to a 2009 study conducted by the University of Exeter in the United Kingdom. Further expeditions brought more horses, and large, wild herds existed in America by the 17th century. This book claims that horses existed in the Americas before Columbus. The modern horse was introduced to North America in 1519 by Spanish conquistadors. I've been saying this for years! No records of anyone before. There had to have been horses here all along. We're there horses in North America before the Spanish arrived? Humans crossed the Bering Sea and arrived in North America close to the time horses became extinct. Along with our mustangs and burros and other allies, we salute you Yvette Running Horse Collins for this luminous work. When the Spanish arrived on the American mainland in the 16th century, they brought horses with them and re-established the animals on the continent. However, he left the horses in the Virgin Islands. In the mid 1800’s there were millions of wild mustangs free roaming in the United States. This site is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Scientists believe that the first horses (called Pliohippus) to evolve in North America appeared about 6 million years ago. Equus had a long neck and legs, with a single toe. Similarly, wouldn't genetic testing of Collins American horses also indicate a uniquely American heritage? Collin finds a parallel between the reaction to these new Western findings and that of the fossil evidence showing horses were always in the Americas. An ancient archaeological discovery on Triquet Island on B.C. It retained its three toes, but otherwise, it looked like a horse. This is becoming a proxy battle about the larger truth claims of the Mormon churches. He also signs an executive order establishing the 1776 Commission to promote what he calls "patriotic education" to the nation's schools and "teach our children about the miracle of American history.". I have never been able to procure a skull of this breed, or any detailed description of it. Eohippus differed dramatically from the horses of today. Equus fossils have been discovered on every continent except Antarctica and Australia. This is stuff you see on the side of a bottle of herbal supplements. The Book of Mormon, the book of faith used by various Mormon religions, references a group of Israelites that came to the Americas to become the ancestors of present-day native Americans. I've ridden horses all my life and love to hear these stories. In addition to this hard physical evidence, a number of researchers are looking seriously into oral histories of native Americans which point rather clearly to the existence of horses before the Spanish arrived. The modern horse was introduced to North America in 1519 by Spanish conquistadors. Four questions: Curly-line Lakota horse at Sacred Way Sanctuary. Again, many Western scientists expressed initial disbelief and even outrage with this new evidence. But are horses native to North America? There were so many horses in the American Southeastern Woodlands that American historians were initially inclined to think that they were strays from expeditions by Ponce de Leon (1513) and Hernando De Soto (1540-45). So, the horse was incredibly valuable. “I didn't expect that,” says Collin. Consider this to be a job application. On the other hand, archeological finds, theories and proof have always been the stuff of controversy. “Then if you take a closer look, this land that the horses are on is the same land from which corporations are trying to extract resources or water. These were crops that relied upon cultivation by heavy draft animals. By one estimate there were at least 10,000 free-roaming horses in Mexico by 1553. Some believe Native Americans owned horses much earlier. But what if it did not? The classification is fuzzy, so let’s take a deeper dive into the topic. As the Spanish Conquistadores expanded their fighting into Central America, Peru, and Argentina, thousands of heavy horses were imported from Barcelona in order to supply the needs of armored cavalry. Collin didn’t stop there, however. It is doubtful that Native Americans could learn to catch, break, and train a wild horse without training, especially in such a short time. How beautiful. Through the use of new scientific techniques, the team of researchers confirmed bit damage caused by horses being harnessed or bridled. bible, book of mormon). However, English settlers came to Florida during the 17th and 18th Centuries bringing with them their draft horses. The Spanish horse of the time of the conquest had a major impact on most European light horse types (this was before breeds were developed, so type is a more accurate word). Nobody wants to make the obvious connection that they are tasty when cooked properly. The vaqueros rode horses to watch over the vast property. The horse evolved in the Americas, but became extinct between 8,000 and 12,000 years ago. So something was going on in the past. Plus 6 Fun Facts and Pictures. “Queen Isabella gathered every horse in the vicinity and those horses became part of her army. It will destroy our country," the president says. My friends were talking about the most dangerous types of horse-riding activity when someone suggested dressage, and everyone burst into laughter. There is evidence in both North and South America that horses were hunted by early peoples, but they did not seem to be their favored prey. Native Americans first possessed horses from 1630-1650; no one has a precise year. By the mid-16th century, ranches … The noticeable differences between Orohippus and Eohippus were the absence of the vestigial toes that were present in Eohippus, and Orohippus had an extra grinding tooth with more crest, allowing it to feed on tougher plants. Horses have been a crucial component of American life and culture since the founding of the nation. The San Diego mastodon bones involve a dubious claim that mastodon bones were smashed open by humans over 100,000 years ago. Were they hunted like bison for food? These are beliefs not science .. The dissertation posits that the discrepancy between the Spanish “reintroduction” theory and the story reflected by current evidence has to do with a cultural bias that is still present within Western academia. When the Ice Age ended, sea levels rose to cut off animals’ natural food sources. Just another example of the decline in American scholarship. The DNA found on the tools indicated it was used on horses native to North America; however, there are no fossils of horses from this time, so skeptics dismiss the findings. Seventeen million years ago, Merychippusentered the equine line. No, there were no horses in North America before they were introduced by the Spanish. They were dated to be the oldest of any found in the world. It would appear, then, that so far as the region of the South East United States is concerned the Spanish horse persisted in the Seminole horse and in the Chickasaw horse well into the 18th century though it is highly improbable that these were the descendants of any Spanish horses landed on the mainland during the 16th century. Scientists confirmed horses originated in North America by examining the fossil evidence. The name Eohippus was first applied by Thomas Henry Huxley while visiting the United States in 1876. And it is also said that the Araucanian Indians of Patagonia have a peculiar breed of ponies which may be derived in art from a native South American stock. Horse racing became a popular sport, and thoroughbred breeding farms were established. These bands of horses became known as mustangs. Explain to me how wooly mammoths ,mastodons ,bison , moose , bears , musk oxen , elk , caribou , even red squirrels, marten, beaver are all on both continents?? While recently at a showjumping competition I wondered how long people have been riding horses. The debate about horses coming into the New World with the conquistadors is a big part of why the Bureau of Land Management tries to claim they have the right to round up our wild horses and pimp our their land to cattle ranchers - makes me sick! It is impossible to say conclusively that nothing new will be discovered regarding the ancient past. 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