Talcott Williams, “Philadelphia: A City of Homes,” St. Nicholas: An Illustrated Magazine for Young Folks 20, 1 (March 1893): 324-336. your own Pins on Pinterest In Buff… • Millions of unique designs by independent artists. Amanda Casper is a PhD candidate in History at the University of Delaware. 1880 to 1920, as well as for wood-framed row houses. Look for rococo details and curved windows. The Federal style, today most associated with brick houses from Portsmouth to Savannah, dates to ca. Easy to construct and affordable, the row house  enabled a high rate of home ownership and thus earned its place as a symbol of the city’s landscape. Most housed a single family (and servants). I sketched these from the sidewalk across the street in my hometown which happens to be beautiful Buffalo, NY. There, you can do a couple things: I thought our home might have been a business at some point in time (it’s a corner row home, and has some brickwork on the corner that appeared to be different from the rest of the house, as well as some odd flooring on the first floor that you could see from the basement, leading me to think it might have had a door on the corner), so I looked at an “Insurance Map of Philadelphia” from back in the early 1900s (they’ll have the book for different years). Find your thing. Rilling, Donna J. However, flooded basements, unwanted infestations, structural failures, and even explosions that plagued one house could easily impact the immediate neighbors, and at times spread across streets and alleys impacting surrounding residents. Twins were often built in detached rows. Your email is never shared. The Greek Revival style that followed, ca. Brownstone is a red-brown or dark chocolate sandstone, usually with a noticeable mica content. There is also evidence from this period of large timber halls. West Coast cities exhibit Victorian styles from Italianate to Eastlake/Stick and Neoclassical. by Christine Hunter In North America, rowhouses go back to the days of the earliest European colonies. Discover (and save!) Would you know if this is what they used as a french drain when these houses were built. I sketched these from the sidewalk across Apr 1, 2013 - This Pin was discovered by Nadia Storia. With flower and wreath motifs, the classical Renaissance Revival style was used for New York rows ca. The threat to Jewelers’ Row should lead us to appreciate the important role that the rowhouse played in the growth of the city. It was a Philadelphia gov’t. Philadelphia: Sunshine Publishing Co., 1893. The concept worked not only in Center City, but in every neighborhood throughout Philadelphia. In the U.S., row houses take on regional attributes. Row Houses. When the stone is naturally bedded— with its strata parallel to the ground—it has longevity. your own Pins on Pinterest San Francisco has its wood-framed Italianate and Eastlake Painted Ladies. Any width less than 16 feet is obsolete. Flickr/Taber Andrew Bain. Baltimore’s brick row houses, famous for both their well-kept white marble steps and the indignities of 20th-century Formstone siding, were built throughout the 18th and 19th centuries. Cottages Row Coloured. Made by true craftsmen using construction techniques long since abandoned for quicker, easier and cheaper methods, historic homes offer … But houses like them appear in other lucky cities across the country. The row house has frequently been pictured as a type of housing that perfectly illustrates conditions of overcrowding, lack of light and air and open space, architectural monotony, and other environmental defects. Murtagh divided the plans of Philadelphia row houses into four types: the bandbox house (trinity) and the more elaborate London house, city house, and town house plans. I am the 3rd owner and the person I bought it from purchased it in 1918 from the first owner so they told me. These Milltown Row Houses were designed to provide inexpensive housing for mill workers. Washington, D.C., Charleston, and Savannah have theirs. The cornice, belt courses, windows, and front door provide cues to style and thus date of construction. your own Pins on Pinterest Bell’s Court (off of Saint Josephs Way), Philadelphia. Brownstone builders sometimes face-bedded the façade slabs to expose a long surface of stone, which is why we see brownstone deterioration today, especially around doorways. 1825–1860, is bold and linear, based on plain, Greek post-and-beam architecture. The Jackson Cross-Company, established around 1876, was a Philadelphia real estate firm in operation until 1998. In 1891, editors of the nationally-circulated Harper’s Weekly understood that the “typical Philadelphia home” was a row house, and included illustrations of an ornamented brick row house with front porch alongside a more humble version, implying for the magazine’s audience that the row house could house both working- and middle-class residents. Congdon, Clem. ProWoodMarket® Brackets are also used in large commercial projects to add architectural interest and detail. Consequently, many row houses have been redesigned in sometimes unexpected ways, using stylistic details, materials and forms very different from the original neighborhood design. : The MIT Press, 1981. Row houses have been the defining image of a Philadelphia street since at least 1691. In 1948 architectural historian William Murtagh found more than twenty courts filled with Bandbox row houses in Society Hill, but many were later demolished. Some tips for researching your Philadelphia row home, based on my own research: Visit City Hall–whatever department handles “Deeds” for houses–and request copies (there will likely be a small fee) of all of the deeds for your home, as far back as they have them. Visit the Free Library branch on the Parkway. The description of a new row of houses on Bergen Street, between Brooklyn and Kingston avenues, is a good example. Most American row houses were built in pre-platted blocks, one or four or a whole row at a time. Victorian-era Queen Anne-style row in San Francisco’s Alamo Square. Herman, Bernard L. Town House: Architectural and Material Life in the Early American City, 1780—1830. By the 1800s Rotten Row was a well-established spot and because of its popularity there were plenty of horse related accidents reported. S. Harris and Sons for the Trades League of Philadelphia, 1893. As the city’s population rose in the early 18th century, the larger blocks were subdivided, adding alleyways and smaller streets running between the main […], […] je de Philadelphia Rows? Ideologically, the row house and the homeownership it enabled had broader implications for the culture of the city and the way it was promoted on a national level. • Row house The term tends to favor party-wall (attached) houses, but in fact any house in a group of attached, semi-detached, or detached but tightly spaced residences with the same setback are row houses—like the wood-framed beauties in San Francisco. Whether brick, brownstone, or wood-framed, these houses exhibit multiple surface textures, asymmetry, and an abundance of ornament: multi-pane windows, brackets and pendants, embellished bargeboards at eaves, starbursts, and free classic motifs. Zo […], […] with modernity. Coffee/Tea Mug: Gilded Age City Row Houses, Elegant Ink Sketch Watercolor by Mary Kunz Goldman of City Block in Buffalo NY Note from artist Mary Kunz Goldman: These whimsical city row houses bring back the spirit of the 19th Century. Many also argued that high homeownership rates helped to cultivate a more “contented” labor force in Philadelphia than in other cities like New York and Chicago. The Romanesque Revival style (about 1880 to 1890) features mixed materials, bold architecture, and round arches. 0 3 0. Jan 25, 2015 - This Pin was discovered by Karen Meredith. Nearly as common during the period, the Neo-Grec style returns to more severe detailing, often with columns, architraves, and pediments over doors or windows. In de 19e eeuw was Philadelphia de eerste stad in de VS die rijtjeshuizen introduceerde. 1 2 0. As ambitious colonists began to break up the big city blocks of William Penn’s “greene country towne” with secondary streets, alleys, and courts, speculative developers and builders constructed rows of houses that matched varied budgets and taste. Is there a source that I an get this information? Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2001. in Historic Preservation from the University of Pennsylvania and a M.A. When it is face-bedded— set with the layers perpendicular to the ground—it is subject to spalling from water in infitration and freeze–thaw cycles. By the nineteenth century, the term “Philadelphia row” not only became synonymous with the landscape of the city, but it also became a term used elsewhere to describe orderly rows of regularized houses. But Kate Hostetter of Brentwood Builders saw its full potential — … of 2,417. british new houses houses in a row new real estate development social housing in the uk funny town houses in row san francisco for sale english new houses row of homes london street houses. The classic Philadelphia row house is built with an outer layer of hard-fired brick to protect the interior from the elements, with lower-grade salmon brickwithin. The privies, or “necessaries,” were normally at the rear of the courts. Roof Tile House. They often have neoclassical, Beaux Arts, or Chateauesque styling. River Water Mirroring. Try these curated collections . The Food Axis. • Double house In this context, a house divided vertically by a party wall, designed for two families, one on each side, each house multi-storey. Powel House, 244 S. Third Street, Philadelphia. The Industrial, or "Milltown" Row House, first appeared in the North East from 1840-1880. I believe they may have been built around 1886. Chicago: Stone, Kastler and Painter, 1893. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2010. Row Houses on Elfreth’s Alley date to the eighteenth century. Using medieval half-timber construction that was later banned, the houses were two stories high and two rooms deep. It makes me crazy! Row Houses on Elfreth's Alley date to the eighteenth century. Thanks so much! The thought behind this design was the expression of a belief that more light and ventilation was healthier in a sooty, industrialized America. Little changed between the houses as builders completed them down the street for eventual sale. I am trying to find out when the row homes in Fairmont were built. The Hoboken house is emblematic of the high-style Victorian brownstone. 19th Century. In fact, it’s the best house at the end of a prosperous row, with an extra storey and side-wall windows. In addition, the Monroe Coal Mining Company acquired 2,000 acres of surface land in … Row house plans derive from dense neighborhood developments of the mid 19th century in the US and earlier in England and elsewhere. Dedicatory and Opening Ceremonies of the World’s Columbian Exposition. Jimmy lives in the middle house, a Trinity, or Bandbox row house. Each type accommodated varied degrees of economic means and social ambition. Unlike brownstones, which were built as single-family homes, greystone row houses were often multi-family. Patricia Poore lives and works in Gloucester,MA. In […], […] meet the new housing demands, the larger blocks were subdivided, adding alleyways and smaller streets running between the main avenues. Row houses were built to fit all levels of taste and budgets, from single-room bandbox plans to grand town houses. The cornice, belt courses, windows, and front door provide cues to style … Entire neighborhoods in St. Louis and Chicago are defined by their neat rows. Romantic details for Italian styles: villa, row house, or in a rural vernacular. 3 1 0. A 1940 real estate photograph commissioned by the Jackson-Cross Company depicts a brick row house converted to apartments in the 900 block of Fairmount Avenue. Today it means a private unit in a multi-unit row. Truss Row Of Houses. More ornamental is the Gothic Revival style, which overlapped the Greek and was popular until about 1860. These homes were often constructed on courts behind larger properties or in narrow alleys that divided larger blocks. Bilaterally symmetrical, they look at first like one large home, but have two entries and a party wall. They are narrow—12' to 25' wide—and normally just one room plus hall across the width, three rooms deep. By the Victorian era, row houses (both wood-frame and masonry) were even more widespread. University-Comparative Study of Philadelphia Rowhouses, Architectural Archives of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. (The richest Brooklynites would have commissioned ornate mansions while the poorest would have lived in tenements.) The inherent interconnectedness of row house construction—with shared walls and close proximity—had lasting consequences for Philadelphians who would own and live in them. Double houses may occur in a row. Apr 1, 2013 - This Pin was discovered by Lisa King Was Knight. Specifically, the 800 block of N. Bambrey St. Who were the land developers/contractors who built these blocks of row homes and what year were they built. Thank you, Joy. It’s probably mostly unknown as “City of Homes.” The Philadelphia Encyclopedia […], […] of unused land between houses. Brownstone An urban form popular in Northeast cities during the 19th century, named for its façade cladding of brown sandstone (generally over brick construction). Saved by Namrota Mazumdar. Elfreth’s Alley, Association Office and Museum, 124-126 Elfreth’s Alley, Philadelphia . World’s Columbian Exposition. Row of houses, late 1800s London. A survey of row house types found in the historic neighborhoods of Society Hill and Old City, compiled by architectural historian William J. Murtagh in 1957, remains a definitive starting point for understanding the plans of row houses in Philadelphia. The house is one of a row of a terrace of houses on an estate of similar houses, close to shops and schools. Hunker may earn compensation through affiliate links in this story. Murtagh, William John. How Rowhouses Shaped Our Neighborhoods. The Italianate brownstone is Brooklyn’s quintessential rowhouse style, but here’s a handy guide to all of the borough’s rowhouse types . I sketched these from the sidewalk across the street in my hometown which happens to be beautiful Buffalo, NY. Manhattan and Boston streetscapes boast some famous examples. W. S. Pendleton House, 1855, Staten Island, New York. Even in the c. 1718 South East Prospect of Philadelphia, by Peter Cooper, jumbled groupings of brick row houses are visible in early Philadelphia. For piping sewer, plumbing, and gas lines, such specialized and expensive work could be done for the entire row at one time, saving labor costs. 2 2 0. In architecture and city planning, a terrace or terraced house or townhouse is a form of medium-density housing that originated in Europe in the 16th century, whereby a row of attached dwellings share side walls.They are also known in some areas as row houses or row homes (especially in Philadelphia, New York City, Baltimore, Washington, D.C., Chicago, Pittsburgh, and St. Louis). Find your thing. Rotten Row and the South Carriage Drive c.1890-1900, photomechanical print. In these homes, the masonry is load bearing, and does structural work. But a grand house enough wasn’t enough, and she battled back with a ball of her own in which she invited more than the usual 400. The Patricks found an 1898 row home in Lancaster City, PA with all of the potential and space they were looking for. The row house was easy to build on narrow lots and affordable to buy, and its pervasiveness resulted in Philadelphia becoming the “City of Homes” by the end of the nineteenth century. I am working on my basement when we discovered holes on the concrete floor around the basement at the party walls. But houses like them appear in other lucky cities across the country. Prairie School houses were a phenomenon 1901–1919 that changed domestic architecture forever. In pre-automobile days, it meant a multi-storey house on a small footprint, attached or in densely built rows. Much of the brownstone used to clad Victorian row houses in Manhattan and Brooklyn was quarried in New Jersey, making it more affordable than limestone from the Midwest. 1 1 2. Any information you have would be appreciated! 2 1 0. In typical Victorian fashion, it is a hybrid, sharing typical Neo-Grec details with its neighbors, yet sporting a fashionable mansard roof. In the mid-1800s, innovative builders experimented with eight-sided houses. ), but in the 1895 map, my street was shown as individual numbered lots, leading me to believe that the home was built sometime in that period. Before/After: An 1880s Row House Goes From Disaster to Farmhouse Fantasy By Elizabeth Stamp September 3, 2018. • Townhouse Early on, especially in England, it was the (often tall and narrow) urban house of a family who also owned a country house. Constructing houses in a row was cost-effective and efficient for builders. Roofing Roof Brick Red. The New World quickly became a melting pot. The earliest Philadelphia row houses reflected the building traditions of English settlers who, because of the devastating fire of 1666, embraced the fire-resistant, Georgian construction that was efficient in the city’s narrow lots. In my case, in the 1886 map boo of Philadelphia, my block is shown as just a big block of land, with the owner’s name printed on it (many of the names of land owners are now the names of streets! Photographer Ben Marcin lives in a Baltimore row house with his wife, Lynn. https://seducedbyhistory.blogspot.com/2009/05/housing-in-1800s-america.html 4 3 0. I would like to know more about these houses and exactly when they were built and what the ground was before the houses were built. Three to five storeys, they are often symmetrical, with round-top doors or windows, and layered with ornament including large brackets. In the past 20 years, “brownstone” has, in some cities, become a generic word for 19th-century, party-wall row houses. ProWood Wood Brackets are an excellent addition to both the inside and outside of the home. In 1893, city promoters embraced this characterization when, at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, they constructed a simple brick row house described as a “model Philadelphia house.” The cost for such a building was approximately $2500. • Party wall Specifically a common wall that divides two houses or units, set on the property line; it’s most often structural and provides a fire break. Discover (and save!) Patricia Poore is the Editorial Director of the Home Group at Active Interest Media, overseeing Old House Journal magazine, Arts & Crafts Homes, the Design Center Sourcebook, Period Homes and Traditional Building magazine.