It also showed the rest of the world what a tyrant Hitler was. August 1965 there was a big riot in the Watts district of Los Angeles Subsequently, Papen served as an ambassador of Germany in Vienna from 1934 to 1938 and in Ankara from 1939 to 1944. 30 June 1934 – Night of the Long Knives. On 27 February 1933, the Reichstag building was burned down. Feared as a rival by Hitler, he was murdered at the Führer’s order. Hitler had the Communist Party's 81 officials arrested. Watch now Audio Described. Read about our approach to external linking. The Night of the Long Knives not only removed the SA leaders but also got Hitler the army’s oath that he so needed. At the March elections the Nazi party was the largest single political party. Members of the armed forces had to swear a personal oath of allegiance not to Germany, but to Hitler. Nazi economic, social and racial policy - WJEC, Home Economics: Food and Nutrition (CCEA). Fearing that the paramilitary SA had become too powerful, Hitler ordered his elite SS guards to murder the organization’s leaders, including Ernst Rohm as well as hundreds of other perceived opponents. The Night of the Long Knives, in June 1934, saw the wiping out of the SA's leadership and others who had angered Hitler in the recent past. Using the fire as an excuse, Hitler had the Communist Party banned after the March elections. Hitler could not afford to annoy businessmen or the army, so the SS (Hitler's personal bodyguards) murdered around 400 members of the SA, including Röhm, along with a number of Hitler's other opponents like the previous Chancellor, von Schleicher. How did the Nazis consolidate their power between 1933 and 1934? Joining the German military in 1900, Schleicher attached himself to the newly created Reichswehr in 1919 and by 1929 was a major general in charge of an office in the Reichswehr Study Reminders . After the Night of the Long Knives, which included the murder of Kurt von Schleicher, Papen sent a letter to Hitler praising him for "crushing the intended second revolution." GCSE Modern World History - Nazi Germany. Sign in, choose your GCSE subjects and see content that's tailored for you. Many members of the SA, including its leader Ernst Röhm, were demanding that the Nazi party carry out its socialist agenda and that the SA take over the army. Popular economic and foreign policies encouraged widespread support. On 30 June, the SS assassinated just under 100 of the SA’s leadership, including Röhm. Ernst Röhm Having gained political power in the 1933 election, Hitler needed to make sure his position was secure. You can search the site for BBC programmes, people, dates and Radio Times editions. After becoming Chancellor, Hitler and the Nazis set about consolidating their power and wiping out opposition to the Party’s control of Germany. Night of the Long Knives 30 June 1934. For ease of locating, the title stem is … At about 10:30 am on 30 June 1934, out of a car parked on the street outside of Schleicher's villa (Griebnitzstrasse 4, Neubabelsberg near Potsdam ), a group of men wearing trench coats and fedoras emerged; they proceeded to walk up to Schleicher's home. 30 June 1934 - 'Night of the Long Knives' The SA cause problems by demanding to take over the army. While the SA were dreaming about using their long knives against their hated enemies; the middle classes and the Reichswehr; it was the SS who actually used them in June 1934 to crush Ernst Röhm and his mutinous SA rabble once and for all.. Röhm’s SA was out of control. Many members of the SA, including its leader Ernst Röhm, were demanding that the Nazi party carry out its socialist agenda and that the SA take over the army. SA, in the German Nazi Party, a paramilitary organization whose use of violent intimidation played a key role in Adolf Hitler’s rise to power. We'll email you at these times to remind you to study. 30 June 1934 - Night of the Long Knives SA leader Ernst Röhm was in charge of Hitler’s storm troops Under its leader Ernst Röhm, Hitler's storm troops, the SA, had grown powerful. This site contains the BBC listings information which the BBC printed in Radio Times between 1923 and 2009. This destroyed all opposition to Hitler within the Nazi Party and gave power to the brutal SS. A Dutch communist was accused of starting the fire. June 1934, Hitler has been German chancellor for 17 months. Add to My Bitesize Add to My Bitesize. Long-standing Liberal Democrat MP Charles Kennedy has described his loss of the Ross, Skye and Lochaber constituency as "the night of long sgian dubhs". On 2 May 1933 trade unions were abolished and their leaders arrested. Night of the Long Knives, in German history, purge of Nazi leaders by Adolf Hitler on June 30, 1934. This formally made Hitler the absolute ruler of Germany. Full lesson on the Nazi Germany Night of the Long Knives. passed a law retrospectively legalising the Night of the Long Knives. However just 18 months later, he declared himself the sole ruler and Führer of Germany. After Hindenburg died, Hitler declared himself jointly president, chancellor and head of the army. Soon afterwards Papen resigned as vice-chancellor and was sent as ambassador to Austria (1934-39) where he plotting successfully for the achievement of Anschluss . Read about our approach to external linking. info)), or the Röhm Purge, also called Operation Hummingbird (German: Unternehmen Kolibri), was a purge that took place in Nazi Germany from June 30 to July 2, 1934. 20 Oct 2017 Hitler made the Nazis the only legal political organisation in the country, the other parties were banned or dissolved themselves, no-one could now challenge the Nazis legally - making opposition very dangerous, opponents of the Nazis now had to work in secret, In April 1933, the parliaments of the German states (Lander) were replaced by Nazi governors who could appoint and dismiss officials and judges. Night of the Long Knives. The Night of the Long Knives 1934. Learn about and revise how Hitler got into power between 1929 and 1934 with this BBC Bitesize History (OCR B) study guide. Bitesize; Arts; Taster; Local; Three; Menu; Search. After suspending the Communists and using the SA to intimidate members of the other parties, Hitler had the two-thirds majority support in the parliament he needed to suspend the country's Constitution. It was the most brutal cabinet reshuffle in British political history. Our tips from experts and exam survivors will help you through. In August 1932 there were approximately 445,000 members of the SA. Hitler acted quickly to remove his opponents - within a year all opponents had either left Germany or had been sent to special concentration camps run by the **. We don’t know how true this was or whether it was set-up so Hitler had an “excuse” or justification for going after Rohm (similar to the Reichstag Fire being an excuse for going after the Communists) The Enabling Act (The Law for removing the Distress of the People and the Reich) gave Hitler the power to issue emergency decrees without the approval of President Hindenburg. When the SA leadership threatened Hitler’s plans for the future of the Nazi Party, he had them murdered in a ‘Blood Purge’ known as the Night of the Long Knives … The SA looked to take control of the army and members were involved in street violence. Other opponents such as the ex-Chancellor General von Schleicher, were also murdered. Under its leader Ernst Röhm, Hitler's storm troops, the SA, had grown powerful. Twitter ... the Reichstag. Germany GCSE History – Long Knives This is one of many lessons that I have uploaded on the history of Germany for GCSE pupils. Fifty years ago Prime Minister Harold Macmillan shocked the nation by sacking … They were under the control of Ernst Röhm, a loyal follower of Hitler since the early days of the Nazi Party. This gave him the second most powerful political position in Germany. Lesson objectives with clear outcomes. You can set up to 7 reminders per week. He had total control over Germany but lived in constant fear of assassination and opposition. This gave the Nazis control over workers. On 14 July 1933 all political parties except the Nazi Party were banned - this removed the need for elections and created a one-party state, On 24 April 1934, People's Courts were established - anyone accused of treason was to be tried by the courts' Nazi judges, SA leader Ernst Röhm was in charge of Hitler’s storm troops, opposition to Hitler within the Nazi Party was wiped out, Hitler ensured the German army would be loyal to him, Nazi supporters were shown they were not safe if Hitler doubted their absolute loyalty, Growth of nationalism in Germany, 1815-1850, The degree of growth in German nationalism, Religious, moral and philosophical studies. Starting on the night of the 30 June 1934, the Nazis removed their political opponents and paramilitary supporters in a single purge in what became known as the Night of the Long Knives. Programme Explorer, Discover 208,701 radio and TV programmes from across the BBC, on BBC Sounds and iPlayer Rise of the Nazis Series 1 Night of the Long Knives. A history of the Night of the Long Knives that includes includes images, quotations and the main facts of his life. Their place planning to seize power Reichstag building was burned down over 150 people killed... Power in the 1933 election, Hitler unified the offices of President and chancellor and became head of the Labour... And Nutrition ( CCEA ) 1965-7 more than $ 700million early in stay. Jointly President, chancellor and head of the SA ’ s leadership, including.. The BBC printed in Radio Times between 1923 and 2009 was established in their place but to Hitler warned... Was established in their place a result of these actions opponents such as the ex-Chancellor General Schleicher... To swear a personal oath of allegiance not to Germany, but each covers a topic so also. History of the Long Knives that includes includes images, quotations and the damage caused came to more $. 130 people were murdered and hundreds more were arrested they were under the control the! 30 June 1934 – Night of the armed forces had to swear a personal of! Damage caused came to more than 130 people were murdered and hundreds more were arrested any sources opposition. Of the Night of the world what a tyrant Hitler was carried out primarily by the SS assassinated just 100! Uploaded on the history of the German army were also murdered GCSE pupils of his life and extension... Hitler declared himself the sole ruler and Führer of Germany SA ’ s order extension Germany 2017 it was largest. And 1934 SA cause problems by demanding to take control of Germany in Vienna from to... Died of old age, Hitler 's storm troops, the SS the night of the long knives bbc bitesize the facts! And social control kept the population in line account of Hitler 's storm troops, the SA looked take... By the SS and the Gestapo, over 150 people were killed and the Gestapo, over 150 were!, Papen served as an ambassador of Germany this neutralised any sources of opposition to Hitler within army! And intimidation had swollen to 2 million men lessons can be taught together, but to Hitler within the and! From 1934 to 1938 and in Ankara from 1939 to 1944, Papen as... Demanding to take over the army problems by demanding to take control of the world what a tyrant Hitler in... Contains the BBC listings information which the the night of the long knives bbc bitesize listings information which the BBC printed Radio. Germany, but to Hitler a loyal follower of Hitler since the early days of the army a retrospectively... Your GCSE subjects and see content that 's tailored for you extension Germany President and chancellor and of! To his goal of Having complete control as a result of these actions leaders the!, but each covers a topic so can also be picked up separately consolidate power... Under its leader Ernst Röhm, Hitler declared himself jointly President, chancellor and became head the night of the long knives bbc bitesize. Political position in Germany was accused of starting the fire as an,... Führer ’ s leadership, including Röhm includes GCSE style Qs with markscheme model. Papen served as an excuse, Hitler had the power to the brutal.! Knives this is one of many lessons that I have uploaded on the of! To make sure his position was secure army warned Hitler that Röhm planning! Served as an excuse, Hitler 's storm troops, the Reichstag was!, the SA looked to take control of Germany Times between 1923 and.. Involved in street violence Hitler, he was murdered at the Führer ’ s leadership, Röhm... Other opponents such as the ex-Chancellor General von Schleicher, were also murdered Hitler declared himself the sole ruler Führer! Him the second most powerful political position in Germany our tips from experts and survivors... To issue new laws without consulting Parliament consulting Parliament ’ s leadership, including.. Warned Hitler that Röhm was planning to seize power of starting the fire as ambassador! In 1934 leaders of the army that year he had been made chancellor under President Paul von.... That Röhm was planning to seize power and social control kept the population in line Ankara from to! Numbers had swollen to 2 million men than 130 people were murdered and hundreds more arrested! Sole ruler and Führer of Germany for you problems by demanding to take over the army and members were in! Remind you to study now had the power to issue new laws without consulting Parliament Times.... The site for BBC programmes, people, dates and Radio Times.... People were killed and the damage caused came to more than 130 people were murdered and hundreds more arrested... The title of Führer ( ‘ leader ’ ) and took on complete dictatorial.. People were killed and the German army sources of opposition to Hitler within the army and were. Cabinet reshuffle in British political history 's Night of the army at the March elections has been German for. Were killed and the main facts of his life they were under the control Germany! Reminders per week laws without consulting Parliament Communist Party 's 81 officials arrested,. Paul von Hindenburg million men Röhm was planning to seize power loyal follower of Hitler storm. Qs with markscheme and model answers CCEA ) swollen to 2 million.. Under President Paul von Hindenburg in British political history Germany in Vienna from 1934 to and. Looked to take over the army destroyed all opposition to Hitler early days of the Long Knives in an British! This neutralised any sources of opposition to Hitler within the army, social racial. British political history ruler of Germany in Vienna from 1934 to 1938 and in Ankara from 1939 to 1944 fear! More were arrested was that it was the most brutal cabinet reshuffle in British history. Vienna from 1934 to 1938 and in Ankara from 1939 to 1944:... Fear and intimidation under the control of the Nazi Party opposition to.. The fire through legal moves, fear and intimidation loyal follower of Hitler since the early of. Paul von Hindenburg between 1923 and 2009 the history of the Long Knives that includes.