Menstruating women often face discomfort, mood swings, and abdominal cramps. In the Hubli-Dharwad by-elections that followed, the Congress were defeated while the Karnataka Ekikarana Paksha's candidate won by a landslide. His latest book ‘Samanya Dharma’ enunciates upon general tenets of ethics as available in Hindu texts. Medieval city. They are advised to treat the monthly periods as a period of austerity, self-purification, rest, and relaxation. They worship the land and distribute Navadhanya (a mixture of nine grains) among kith and kin. In other words, the Bauls perform sexual intercourse during menstruation as a means for attaining divine bliss and spiritual emancipation. In Assam, the celebration is called as ‘Xoru Biya’, which means ‘small marriage’. While the normal rainfall quantum for the period is 181.7 mm, the actual rainfall received was 205.9 mm. Similarly, daily worship and religious performances are halted because of Ashaucha. On his death in 1957, B. S. Kakkillaya succeeded him as president until 1967. At this conference, which was presided over by V P Madhav Rao, a unanimous resolution was passed demanding the unification of all Kannada speaking areas. The first Karnataka Unification Conference was also organised at the same venue. Therefore, the notion of rest is widely prevalent among modern urban women. The women are treated as a manifestation of the Goddess and menstruation is recognized as a positive “natural” process that is very vital for women as well as for nature. The most notable of these were the Kannada Sahitya Parishat (Bangalore) that was set up in 1915, the Karnataka Sangha (Shivamogga) that began in 1916 and the Karnataka Samithi in Kasaragod in 1955. This day is celebrated by the Karnataka government as the Hyderabad-Karnataka liberation day.[3]. For all these efforts and for being the one who inspired a whole movement, Aluru is today remembered as the Kannada Kula Purohita or the 'High priest of the Kannada clan'. The sole reason is for them to rest, just like during their monthly periods, when they do not work and must not be disturbed, they should not be touched.”, Mitoo Das, in her paper ‘Menstruation as Pollution: Taboos in Simlitola, Assam,’ mentions that both the notions of menstruation as impurity and as a period of rest are prevalent among the people of Simlitola, Assam. Schools and PU colleges have remained closed in the state since March just ahead of the national lockdown was first enforced to combat COVID-19. Though, women become associated with temporary Ashaucha, this does not degrade them or make them inferior. Anakru in particular, was influential with his writing and oratory. Therefore, the notion of menstruation as a period of rest that the women need, owing to stress and physical discomfort, is clearly recognized by Hinduism and some menstrual practices like preventing women from doing household work are aimed to serve that purpose. The highlight of this festival is that the girl undergoes ritual seclusion, ritual bathing, and many other local customs, including turmeric bathing ceremony. Under pressure, Prime Minister Nehru constituted the States Reorganisation Commission (SRC), also known as the Fazal Ali commission due to being headed by Justice Fazal Ali. He further said: “What is pure, we don’t touch. 2 (Fall, 1992), pp. So that’s why they were prevented from entering the temple.”. The Bauls believe that men and women are abodes of two different aspects of the Divine. Karnataka Gatha Vaibhava literally means The glory that was Karnataka!. The number of cases has since been brought under control, with an average of 1,500 cases a day. However, his most widely read book is “Menstruation Across Cultures: A Historical Perspective” that examines menstruation notions and practices prevalent in different cultures & religions from across the world. People in the region do not perform any farming activity to give the Mother, who is also same as mother Earth, rest. Congress leader Gudlappa Hallikeri furthered the cause of unification within his party by advocating for states based on linguistic demographics. Red color will be thrown on her so it will appear as if she is bleeding. After menarche you get a period roughly every month (once they settle into a routine) until you get to about 45 or so and then you stop. The JVP report, however, favoured only the creation of the Andhra state while the Karnataka Ekikarana movement was deliberately ignored. The Congress said it would favour the formation of the separate Karnataka and Andhra states. The Keddasa festival celebrated in the Dakshina Kannada district of Karnataka is another festival, which demonstrates the association of menstruation with notions of rest and sacred celebration. While the state recorded its first case on March 8, the worst-hit period was observed to be from July to September when the state was witnessing an average of 10,000 Covid-19 cases a day. The festival is celebrated by both men and women and women consider themselves as Amsha (parts) of the Goddess and the whole celebration happens around women. He is a Consulting Editor to Indic Today Magazine. In the riots at Hubli that followed, many people were injured and several courted arrest. Organisations in the movement began organising rallies, talks and conferences where demands for a separate state for Kannada speaking people was made. Gudlappa Hallikeri invited the Maharaja of Mysore to tour the Kannada speaking provinces of Bombay and Hyderabad. Military. Instead, Hindu tradition and practices are tailor made based on different situations, goals, competencies, and needs of the people. To mark the celebrations of the 50th year of Karnataka's unification, the state government headed by the then Chief Minister H D Kumarswamy awarded 36 individuals and 4 organisations with the Ekikarana Award for the service they had rendered for uniting Karnataka. In Malabar region, Mother Earth was believed to rest during the hot weather until she got the first shower of rain.” She further writes: “Bhattarcharyya notes that the auspiciousness of menstruation, representing potential fertility, is symbolized by blood or the colour of blood and is regarded as sacred…..Deities and sacred objects are daubed with red colouring as a part of ritual worship. Arebhashe), Jainism: Following the Simon Commission, elections were held in 1937. Within Indian culture, red signifies auspiciousness and potential growth – these ancient religious ideas and symbols are definitely linked to the blood of menstruation.”. The period of July to September was the worst, when the state was witnessing an average of 10,000 Covid-19 cases a day. The tenth conference of the Ekikarana movement was held on 10 January 1946 in Mumbai. It has also called for a ban on public celebrations of New Year from December 26 to January 1, and impose night curfew (8pm to 5am) during this period. Frederique Apffel-Marglin, in her book ‘Rhythms of Life: Enacting the World with the Goddesses of Orissa,’ quotes a village woman from Odisha as saying thus: “During the menses of the earth, women do no work; they play and sing with their friends. Period cycles. His first book “Musings On Hinduism” provided an overview of various aspects of Hindu philosophy and society. Several smaller public and college organisations also began, notably in Bengaluru, Shivamogga and Raichur. The Technical Advisory Committee (TAC) for COVID-19 in Karnataka has said the second wave of the pandemic is expected in early 2021 and has made a … un… You would be surprised how in a country like India, there are several cultures down south that welcome a girl’s periods as auspicious. Another example that illustrates the notion of menstruation as a celebration, is the festival of Raja in Odisha. At first period parties, you could talk about how common irregular periods are, but what to do if you think it might be caused by a medical condition like PCOS, other hormonal issues, or unhealthy weights. Ironically, the state of Mysore and several politicians opposed unification of Karnataka, on the pretext that Mysore state has fertile lands, more developed and present North Karnataka was not developed with large area of dry land. In Karnataka, the young girl, who has started menstruating, is dressed up and the Sumangali women (married women) from the neighborhood perform her Aarti (showing of lamp, light from a wick as in Puja) and sing songs. The Karnataka Ekikarana Sabha later came to be known as the Karnataka Ekikarana Sangha. In 1920, Karnataka State Political Conference was held at Dharwad. Speaking at a meeting of the Sangha in 1903, Alur Venkata Rao made a case for integrating all Kannada regions of Madras Province and north Karnataka with Mysore kingdom. India soon gained independence in 1947. Thus, these ceremonies associated with the onset of menstruation, forms an important Hindu practice that aims to impart the notion of menstruation as a sacred celebration. As a result of these conferences, the Karnataka Ekikarana Sabha which was to work in collaboration with the KPCC began with the objective of the unification of Karnataka. As a result, menstruation, which is otherwise rightly associated with ritual Ashaucha and hence sexual intercourse and sacred activities like worship are restricted, becomes associated with ritual Shaucha and sexual intercourse in the case of Yoni puja and Deha Sadhana, respectively. It was a book that recounted in detail the history of Karnataka until the fall of Vijayanagar after which the Marathas, Nizam and the British took over. In the previous two articles, an examination into the facet of Ashaucha and the facet of austerity and self-purification associated with Menstruation in the Hindu tradition was undertaken and it was shown how inspite of menstruating women entering a temporary period of Ashaucha (ritual impurity), the process itself is very beneficial and purificatory in nature. The temple itself has been built in the form of Sri Chakra- the abode of the Supreme Goddess Lalita Tripurasundari, and it contains a Kamakhya Peetham- a naturally formed Yoni. Almost the entire southern half of Karnataka was then under the Wodeyars of Mysore with Nalvadi Krishnaraja Wodeyar. Even in death, wherein people always mourn, it is recognized that the journey of the Jivatma has not ended and the death rites aim to aid the Jivatma to regain new birth and continue its journey further. A. J. Dodmeti, a senior Congress leader and the member of the Bombay assembly, immediately resigned from his seat and launched a hunger strike at Jakkali in Dharwad. Thus, even the Death rites are sacred and have utmost importance in the Hindu scheme of things. This was presided over by Siddappa Kambli. During Ambubachi festival in Kamakhya temple in Assam, the temple is closed for three days to give rest to the Goddess, who is believed to be menstruating during that time. Menstruation as a period of “rest” is another notion that is widely prevalent throughout India. The INC lent formal support to the cause; this was the first time the movement had explicit political support. This convention attracted tens of thousands of Kannadigas from Karnataka. In the modern times, Swami Chinmayananda has explained that menstruation restrictions were used as a means for providing rest to women, who otherwise indulged in physically demanding household tasks in the past, and who suffered from pain, stress, and discomfort during the menses. She is a living Goddess at that time. The Parliament of India is yet to take a final decision in the matter. She undergoes all menstrual practices that women undergo and temple women sleep outside her room during the night to give company to the Goddess. Most notable among the excluded areas was Kasargod, which had been one of the centres from which the Ekikarana movement had launched its agitation. He also represented and urged unification in front of the SRC. Friends and family are invited and the girl is gifted silk sarees and she wears a Saree (or a half-saree) for the first time. The Karnataka Vidyavardhaka Sangha, Dharwad and the Kannada Sahitya Parishat, Bengalooru (that Aluru once assisted and headed) and Karnataka Samithi (R), Kasaragod were included among the recipients. This served to reduce the apprehensions of the movement leaders and the common people. The two-phase polling is because of to safeguards in put in the course of the coronavirus pandemic. During the Home Rule Movement, Aluru floated the idea of a Karnataka 'Provincial' unit of the Indian National Congress. In the next part we will look at Menstruation from a Yogic perspective. The special Prasada is considered highly auspicious and purifying in nature and hence thousands of devotees from faraway places come every year to pray to the Mother and have her Special Prasada. This soon took shape and the Karnataka Pradesh Congress committee was formed. In North Karnataka. Decades earlier, during British rule the demand for a state based on Kannada demographics had been made. Thus, while the Kannadigas under the Nizam felt that Urdu was being forced on them at the expense of Kannada, those in the Bombay Presidency felt similarly concerning Marathi. Similarly, the Bauls of Bengal- a syncretic group of mystic singers and dancers, whose religious beliefs are influenced by Vaishnava, Sakta, Tantric Buddhism, Samkhya, and Sufi belief systems- practice Deha Sadhana (spiritual practice using the body), a form of sexual yoga, wherein sexual energy is transformed into Prema (divine love) and Spiritual ecstasy. This is an issue that continues to affect those who fought for the unification of Karnataka. Chengannur Mahadeva Kshetram in the southern state of Kerala is yet another place, where the Goddess menstruates and her menstruation is celebrated. The Yoni Tantra, in facts, says that the Yoni puja must be carried out only in the Yoni, which has started menstruating. The festival is celebrated on the last three days of the Tulu month known as ‘Puyintel’, which roughly falls in January or February, each year. Almost 800 delegates attended the Nagpur conference where the Indian National Congress made the decision to create the Karnataka Pradesh Congress Committee. But the other leaders of the movement like Gangadharrao Deshpande, Rangarao Diwakar, Koujalgi Srinivasarao and Aluru advised him not to do so as they had boycotted the commission. It is only in these festivals that the full implication of the notion of menstruation as a sacred celebration will become evident. During his term as president, the government of Kerala nominated him as a member of the State Level Committee for Linguistic Minorities in Kerala. The book impacted the young and old alike. It is estimated that three out of four girls and women experience menstrual pain of varying intensity and one out of ten experience such a severe pain that they are unable to carry out their usual daily activities. This conference was inaugurated by Sardar Patel and attended by the likes of B. G. Kher, the then Chief Minister of Bombay presidency. In the Tamil community, at first the girl is bathed by her close family and fed a nutritious diet but in isolation. The best example that illustrates this is the celebration of ‘Ritu Kala Samskara’. Therefore, it is quite clear that the Hindu tradition recognizes menstruation as a sacred and a positive process, which must be respected, worshipped, and celebrated. In Punjab it was believed that Mother Earth (‘Dharti Ma’) ‘slept’ for a week each month. In some parts of the Deccan after the ‘navaratra’ goddess temples were closed from the tenth to the full moon day while she rests and refreshes herself. Similarly, during the Tulu festival called Keddasa in Karnataka, mother earth is believed to have begun her earthly menstrual cycle and is given a rest for three days. semen (literally milk) is said to contain the other aspect of the divine. Havigannada. The Hindu way of life perceives each element of an Individual’s life as sacred and worthy of worship and celebration. Kallige Mahabala Bhandari, an advocate, was elected to the Kerala Assembly from Manjeshwaram Constituency in Kasaragod under the Samithi banner. The women’s Nir i.e. Apart from Aluru, supporters like Gudleppa Hallikeri, Siddappa Kambli, R H Deshpande, Rangarao Diwakar, Koujalgi Srinivasarao, Srinivas Rao Mangalvedhe, Kengal Hanumanthaiah, Gorur Ramaswamy Iyengar, S Nijalingappa, T Mariyappa, Subramanya, Sowcar Chennaiah, H K Veerangowda, H C Dasappa, H Siddaiah, K. R. Karanth, B. S. Kakkillaya, B. V. Kakkillaya and Anakru were by now prominent in the movement. The commission upheld the claim for merger of Kasaragod with the state of Karnataka. The Dhar commission in its report, opposed any reorganisation of the states. On the fourth day, they begin sowing activities by first sprinkling turmeric and oil on the ground. Nithin Sridhar has a degree in Civil Engineering, and having worked in the construction field, he passionately writes about various issues from development, politics, and social issues, to religion, spirituality, and ecology. It was stated by the committee that there was a "strong prima facie case for unification". Thus, Guruji of Devipuram, clearly associated purity with menstruation and considered menstruating women as living Goddesses, while also highlighting the fact that the practice of menstruating women not being allowed into temples was rooted in the fact that there will be an imbalance in the energy of the temple. But, if we were to consider the essence of the traditions and the knowledge preserved in them on their own standing, it will become clear that the Hindu ceremonies associated with the onset of menstruation perceives menstruation and menstruating women in a highly positive manner. While the princely states feared that they might stand to lose some territory, the British themselves were unsure of how they would handle the reorganisation. It doesn't matter if you've had a period for years or you're waiting for your first one — periods can be confusing. One of the earliest and most important organisations that was chosen to lead the movement, the Karnataka Vidyavardhaka Sangha also began in Dharwad. Haridasa. Thus, Hinduism harmoniously integrates various elements of Ashaucha, austerity, purification, rest, sacredness, and celebration into menstruation process and practices, and facilitates women to attain overall well-being. Karnataka Samithi (R), Kasaragod was established in 1955 to advocate a merger of Kasaragod with Karanataka state. When you first have your period, the mother will make sekihan — sticky rice with adzuki beans, traditionally made for celebrations — but she won't say why. Karnataka State Government to provide ‘bride price’ for poor Brahmin brides with Arundhati & Maitreyi schemes, but with a few caveats that make us wonder. During the period, Goddess Kamakhya, who exists as naturally formed Yoni in the stone, is covered with a red cloth. A similar ceremony could be observed in Kerala and Andhra Pradesh as well. In effect, nearly two-thirds of what is now Karnataka fell outside the rule of the Wodeyar kings of Mysore. Thus, the festival is celebrated to welcome a new start in life every year with the expectations of happiness, well-being, growth, and prosperity. Active support elements of rest and sacred celebration by Mr. M P Patil, the government has asked the and! 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